This website uses cookies to enhance your experience and to help us improve the site. By using our website you consent to cookies being placed on your device, unless you change your settings to disable them.

Please see our Cookies Policy for further information about cookies and how to disable them.


UK victims

Interactive decision tree

Interactive decision tree

Please use our interactive tool to understand more about the criminal and civil justice systems and how the two systems can interact. It outlines the main steps, and has been specifically created with the individuals and smaller business victim in mind.

Please carefully read about the main differences between the criminal and civil justice systems before using the decision tree.

Civil proceedings


If the defendant does respond to the claim and files an acknowledgement of service or a defence, then the claimant can apply for summary judgment. Summary judgment is available when:

  • the defendant has no real prospect of success; and
  • there is no other compelling reason why the case should go to trial.

If successful then it is possible to obtain judgment for the amount claimed, as well as interest and costs.